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eSudoe
2021
2027

Attenuation of forest fire risk through forest valorization with the application of innovative strategies of mountain economy

ÚLTIMA REVISIÓN: 30 de julio de 2018

Institución: Comunidade Intermunicipal do Tâmega e Sousa

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Región: Tâmega e Sousa

Senhor

Nombre: Mário

Júlio

According to the IPCC (Climate Change 2014 Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability p.19), forest fires risk increase has the highest confidence level in future climate change scenarios. The European Environment Agency has stated that “In a warmer climate, more severe fire weather and, as a consequence, an expansion of the fire-prone area and longer fire seasons are projected across Europe. The impact of fire events is particularly strong in southern Europe” (https://goo.gl/sxKXNo).

It is undeniable the forest importance in the landscape preservation, in the soil, water and air quality protection, biodiversity support, fight against desertification and carbon sequestration, as well as the economic value for industry and tourism. It must be noted the potential impact of wild fires over the peri-urbanareas is not limited to the direct harm (life loss and material damage), but extends to infrastructures (e.g. existing power lines), air quality, soil erosion and has a negative overall effect on the local economy (e.g. tourism).

Forest fires will have disastrous consequences to our natural heritage, namely in several environmental classified areas. In this sense the territory infrastructuration and forest protection against fires is paramount, as an example of this is the installation of forest fire protection networks. The primary networks of forest fuel management as a prevention infrastructure as a way to avoid great forest fires and their large economic and environmental consequences. A primary network is an important component in the forest defense against fire (FDAF), through the landscape division with clean and walkable paths, thus avoiding forest fires propagation and giving easy access to fire land combat units.

One identified land use planning policies problem is the soil degradation and the risk of desertification, worsened by climatic phenomenons (drought and tropical rains) and by forest fires size.

To be a sustainable and well-ordered region, the Sudoe area, must have a territorial model and a policy package that:

a) Preserve the natural landscape, namely the forest and terrains with agricultural potential;

b) Manage and add value to designated areas included in fundamental networks of nature conservation;

c) Connect nature and landscape “open spaces” system with urban systems and infrastructure networks.

From a human point of view, it is notice that with the growing level of schooling from former rural population, there is a diminishing number of adult people available to work in primary sector (e.g. agriculture, livestock, and forestry). Together with this working sector increasing devaluation, there is the abandonment of this lands, once filled with skilled hands. The terrain human desertification results in a clear negligence of the lands previously used for agriculture and/or pastoralism, allowing forest and shrubs disorderly growth. On the other hand, an essential mosaic landscape of forest and agriculture/ grazing to manage high potential combustible forest areas are lost, consequently increasing the risk of forest fires propagation.

The combination of all these factors, result in the increase of forest fires number and severity, reduction of the productivity of the affected territories and worsening human desertification.

Thus, this project intends to create an integrated forest management model that contemplates the natural potential of the forest, reduces the risk of fire and enhances mountain economies.

¿TIENE SOCIOS YA IMPLICADOS? No

Perfil Beneficiario:

  • We seek partners in France and Spain.
  • Public bodies, economic operators and companies, forestry associations, rural and forestry development associations, Universities.

Resultados Esperados:

• Provide innovative solutions with examples of best practices;

• Promote "mountain economies" strategies in mostly forest / rural territories;

• Creation of an integrated forest management model that contemplates the natural forest potential, the risk of fire reduction and mountain economies enhancement;

• Creation of transnational strategies;

• Creation of transnational analysis tools;

• Greater efficiency in the endogenous resources use and forest residues on target territories;

• Creation of training material / transnational guide for implementation of measures / policies that promote forest fires prevention through a new paradigm of forest management;

• Creation of awareness material for this subject;

Presupuesto Total Estimado: 1.500.000€

Idioma: PRT