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eSudoe
2021
2027

Objetivo específico proyecto 27: SO 2.4 (...) Climate Change Adaptation / Risk Prevention

Implement and test solutions in the forest ecosystems of the Sudoe space

Integrated solutions to increase resilience to climate change and socio-economic development will be implemented and tested in 7 pilot areas of the SUDOE forest space: 1. Pinar en Zona Red Natura 2000 (Cehegín, Spain) 2. Pinar in burned area in Moratalla (Murcía, Spain) 3. Dehesa in Toledo (Castilla la Mancha, ESpaña) 4. Social Innovation Pilot in Soria 5. Agroforestry system in Mértola. 6. System of oaks and beech trees in Barrancos. 7. Forest ecosystem in Nueva Aquitaine

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Impact of forest vegetation typologies and densities on fire protection

Joint development and implementation by the B9-CIM-TTM and the B12-CD Aude, under the coordination of the B10-IPB, of a pilot demonstration of the impact of different types and densities of forest vegetation on their protection against fires, including the monitoring and evaluation of their impact and transferability. This pilot will be tested in the territory of Terras de Tras-os-Montes (PT) and Aude (FR) as an innovative tool for the prevention and management of forest fires.

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Preventive planning and rapid intervention to improve fire prevention and management

Joint development and implementation by B2-JCyL, B6-DipOurense, B7-UVigo, B11-CNPF NA and B13-SudCharente, under the coordination of BP-DXDM, of a pilot demonstration of the effectiveness of preventive planning and rapid intervention for the improvement of forest fire prevention and management, including monitoring and evaluation of their impact and transferability. This pilot will be tested in ES (Galicia, Castilla y León) and FR (Sud Charente).

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Modelling fire behaviour to quantify and prevent the spread of fires

Joint development and implementation by B4-Tecnalia and B12-Aude, under the coordination of the B3-Hazi, of a pilot demonstration of the effectiveness of the modelling of fire behavior as a tool to quantify and prevent its spread, including monitoring and evaluation of its impact and transferability. This pilot will be tested in the territory of Euskadi (ES) and Aude (FR) as an innovative tool for the prevention and management of forest fires.

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Establishment of productive firewalls as a fire prevention tool

Joint development and implementation by the B6-DipOurense, B12-Aude and the A1-O Barco de Valdeorras, under the coordination of the B5-Eixo Atlántico, of a pilot action demonstrating the effectiveness of productive firewalls as a tool for preventing forest fires, including the monitoring and evaluation of their impact and transferability. This pilot will be tested at O Barco de Valdeorras (ES) and PNR Corbières-Fenouillèdes (FR).

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Testing of pilot solutions for adaptation, prevention and mitigation

Under the An-Gel Sudoe project, 8 pilot areas have been selected: Lleida, Lot-et-Garonne, Bordeaux, Dordogne (x2), Rioja Alavesa, Murcia and Braganza. In each of these areas, work will be carried out in collaboration with a group of associated producers, either using farms under real production conditions or involving them in the technical follow-up of the tests. The prevention, adaptation and mitigation techniques to be tested will be (activities 2.1 and 2.2): — High precision foliar spraying (active solution). — Active ventilation (active solution). — Soil moisture management (semi-passive solution, linked to high-precision spraying, but strategically applied in a preventive and non-reactive manner). — Soil cover management — Hot hedges (passive solution). — Convective drainage of cold air — Late pruning of vines to delay the appearance of frost (solution intended to minimise the destructive effects of frost). The final solution will be the use of one of these techniques or a possible combination of several of them to adapt perfectly to the constraints of farmers in a given area. For example, a cold-breaker hedge can be used to limit the flow of cold air in the plot (passive solution), combined with controlling soil moisture by influencing the vegetation cover or by high-precision spraying (in the foliage) a few days before frost (semi-passive solution) or, if necessary, during intense frost episodes (active solution), if water resources are available. Therefore, it is considered a single solution, as it is conceived as a “toolbox” that allows combining different techniques to offer effective solutions according to the particular context of the different farms participating in the project as pilot centres.

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Early warning system

The early warning system will make it possible to anticipate spring frost situations so that active means can be prepared to complement passive and semi-passive solutions, which are of a continuous nature. The system will combine models weather forecast numbers (NPM) with high-precision soil temperature maps developed from local time series. This methodology allows to perform a downscaling process from local information to reach a very high level of accuracy (individual plot level or hyperlocal scale). The system will be highly oriented to provide an easy-to-interpret mobile version in the field, including a system dissemination module for sending alerts via email, SMS and mobile notifications. This system will be integrated as part of the ClimAlert platform, enriching its spectrum of information and attracting new users.

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ALERT-PFAS Pilot Actions

Design, implementation and validation of a tool based on Artificial Intelligence to monitor in real time the presence of PFAS in the resources of the SUDOE space. Technologies developed in the project, divided into 2 groups: optical sensors for real-time PFAS monitoring and technologies for the reduction or elimination of PFAS in the waters of natural areas of SUDOE, including processes of adsorption, degradation and monitoring of gases emitted into the atmosphere in the degradation of PFAS.

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PILOT ACTIONS

Development and experimentation on a demonstrative basis in the territories of the partner entities of new solutions in response to the challenges identified in the extraction of biomass for the prevention of forest fires: 1)Methodology to reduce the impact on biodiversity in the application of fire prevention plans Experimentation in the application of new methodology to introduce measures to preserve biodiversity and reduce impact in the implementation of fire prevention plans. Pilot action tested in Catalonia ES and Pyrenees Orientales FR 2)Innovation in extraction techniques to improve the resilience and resilience of forests to forest fires. Experimentation through testing of new techniques and evaluation in terms of cost-effectiveness and impact on biodiversity of different methods. Pilot action tested in Cerdaña Baja (Catalonia ES) and Cerdaña Alta (Occitanie FR). 3)Model of management of the collection, treatment and local use of biomass Model with a holistic approach to sustainable forest management, focused on maximising the natural potential of the forest, reducing the risk of fire and increasing the economic value of forest biomass locally through treatment facilities, distribution, and cogeneration plants in rural areas. Experimentation in Tamega e Sousa (PT) and Pays des Nestes (FR) 4)Programme for the training of personnel for biomass extraction in rural areas Programme to train staff in rural areas to ensure the sustainable management of forest resources and the viability of extraction plans for fire prevention and quality job creation. It will be tested in Navarra ES and made available to other territories. Pilot projects have generated exemplary solutions that will be incorporated into the common strategy and adopted by partner entities and other entities.

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White Paper on improving public policies for the prevention and management of frost risk

This document, which will be produced jointly taking into account the results of the pilot tests in each territory, will contain a series of recommendations for its incorporation into public policies on the management of the damage caused by negative climate events in agriculture. Basically, it will promote the transition from an approach based on economic reparation of damages to another that considers anticipation and prevention as central elements. It will also incorporate a rigorous analysis of the role of agricultural insurance in terms of protection against frost risk, making proposals to achieve a work in synergy between insurers and policyholders that reduces the financial burden for both and leads to a balanced sharing of responsibilities and re-assessment of risk in view of existing prevention and mitigation measures.

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